Program Requirements

Main program requirements

​​Students will complete 40 courses (three credit hours per course).  

  • ​History 1100 and History 1101 (two courses which together provide an introduction to the discipline of history as well as a survey of Western history from the fifteenth century to the twenty-first century, introducing students to key historical concepts, ideas and events)
  • Four courses from the Early Western History list
  • Four courses from the Later Western Hi​story list
  • History 3840 (Historical Methods)
  • Two courses in 4000-level History courses other than History 4950, 4951 or 4952
  • Senior Project in historical studies - see below

As well as, 

  • Courses from a list of specified Courses in Disciplines related to History
  • An eight-course minor in one or a balanced combination of two disciplines other than history
  • Two courses in first-year English
  • 11 electives

Note: Students must ensure the Grenfell Campus core requirements are met.


Early Wester​​n History

  • History/Classics 2035, 2040, 3090
  • History 2100, 2200, 2260, 2300, 2320, 2330, 3030, 3050, 3110, 3135, 3320, 3370, 3442, 3445, 3551, 3760, 3786
  • History/Anthropology 3520
  • History/Art History 2700, 3700, 3701

​​Later Western ​History

  • History 2120, 2210, 2260, 2310, 2500, 2510, 2540, 3030, 3060, 3102, 3120, 3250, 3330, 3380, 3440, 3460, 3490, 3551, 3675, 3770, 3801, 3807, 3808
  • History/Anthropology/Archaeology 3525
  • History/Art History 2701

Note: the Historical Studies program unit has been developing new courses that cover both Early and Later Western History and thus appear in both categories (i.e., 3030 and 3551).  These courses that are listed in both Early and Later Western History categories cannot be double-counted for both categories.

Note: 4000-level History courses cannot be used as substitutes for the required 2000/3000-level courses in Early or Later Western history.


Senior Project

The historical studies degree at Grenfell culminates with the Senior Project, of which there are two options: i) HIST 4950 Independent Project; or ii) HIST 4951 and 4952 Advanced Research Essay I and II.  In either option, the student brings together all of his or her learning to write an essay on any topic of his or her choice, providing that a faculty member is available to supervise it. The senior project allows the student to delve into areas of history of interest to the student that perhaps were only touched on - or not covered at all - in other courses.


Minor in historical studies

Students completing a minor in historical​​ studies will complete eight courses (three credit hours per course) including:

  • History 1100 and History 1101
  • History 3840 (Historical Methods)
  • One course (three credit hours) at the 3000 level in History
  • One course (three credit hours) at the 4000 level in History
  • Three additional courses (nine credit hours) in History


Minor in art history

Students may now wish to take a minor in art history at Grenfell Campus. Below are the requirements for a minor in Art History:   

  • Visual Arts 2700 and 2701
  • 18 credit hours in Art History at the 3000- or 4000- level

To complete a Major in Historical Studies, students must complete a number of courses from the following list. The number of courses required from this list for the Historical Studies major depends on the route that the student chooses for the senior research project.  Those students who opt for HIST 4950 Independent Project are required to take five courses from this list; students who choose HIST 4951/4952 are required to take only four of these courses.  These courses have been chosen because they have some historical content in them and thus can offer Historical Studies majors some degree of breadth and interdisciplinarity.  These courses are thematically or methodologically relevant to the study of History.  These courses are generally at the first, second, third, and fourth-year level. 

Students may be allowed to take other courses with permission of the Program Chair.  Please contact the chair of Historical Studies for a list of additional courses that can be used to fulfill this program requirement.

Applicable courses used to satisfy the Minor requirements may also be counted as Historical Studies credits. No more than 6 credit hours from any one discipline will be counted toward Historical Studies Major.  This is an updated list.  Courses that were on the former list but no longer on this new list will still serve as valid courses for this program requirement.

  • Anthropology 1031 Introduction to Anthropology
  • Anthropology/Folklore/Sociology 2230 Newfoundland Society and Culture
  • Anthropology/Sociology 2260 War and Aggression
  • Anthropology/Sociology 2270 Families
  • Anthropology/Sociology 3140 Social Movements
  • Anthropology/Sociology 3314 Gender and Society
  • Classics 1100 Life in Ancient Greece
  • Classics 1200 Life in Ancient Rome
  • Classics 3700 The Ancient World in Film
  • Economics 1010 Introduction to Microeconomics I  (formerly, Economics 2010)
  • Economics 1020 Introduction to Macroeconomics II (formerly, Economics 2020)
  • English 2005 Literary Survey I (the beginning to 1600)
  • English 2006 Literary Survey II (1660-1837)
  • English 2007 Literary Survey III (1837 to the present)
  • English 2155 Newfoundland Literature
  • English 2215 American Literature to 1900
  • English/ Social/Cultural Studies 2244 The Graphic Novel - Historical, Cultural, and Literary Contexts
  • English 3215 20th Century American Literature
  • Folklore 1000 Introduction to Folklore
  • Folklore 2300 Newfoundland Folklore (same as Anthropology 2300)
  • Folklore 2401 Folklore Studies
  • Folklore 2500 Folk Literature (same as Anthropology 2500)
  • French 1501 Introductory University French, II
  • French 1502 Introductory University French, III
  • French 2100 Intermediate French, I
  • French 2101 intermediate French, II
  • French 2601 Reading Skills
  • French 2602 Reading Complete Texts
  • Geography 1050 Geographies of Global Change
  • Geography 2001 Cultural Geography
  • Humanities 2002 Thought and Society in the Medieval World
  • Humanities 3001 The Early Modern Period
  • Humanities 3002 The Modern World
  • Philosophy 1005 Philosophy of Human Nature (or the former Philosophy 1600)
  • Philosophy 2201 History of Ancient Philosophy (or the former Philosophy 2701)
  • Philosophy 2215 History of Modern Philosophy (or the former Philosophy 2702)
  • Philosophy 3400 Political Philosophy
  • Political Science 1000 Introduction to Politics
  • Political Science 1020 Issues in World Politics
  • Political Science 2200 Introduction to International Politics
  • Political Science 2800 Introduction to Canadian Politics and Government
  • Religious Studies 2013 Introduction to Christianity
  • Religious Studies 2050 Introduction to the Old Testament
  • Religious Studies 2051 Introduction to the New Testament
  • Social/Cultural Studies 2000 Introduction to Social/Cultural Studies
  • Sociology 1000 Introduction to Sociology
  • Sociology 2120 Technology and Society
  • Sociology 3040 Introduction to the Methods of Social Research
  • Sociology 3150 Classical Social Theory
  • Theatre 1000 Introduction to the History of Theatre I
  • Theatre 1001 Introduction to the History of Theatre II

The Senior Project

Normally, the Senior Project will be undertaken during the last year of a candidate's study. Students wishing to do the project will notify the Program Chair as to their intentions, before the end of classes during the semester prior to taking History 4950. At that time, they will discuss what they would like to do. Every reasonable effort will be made to accommodate the student's interests. Proposals, however, must be feasible given the time constraints of one term, the availability of sources, and the relevant knowledge of the faculty. Each student will be assigned a principal supervisor as well as a second reader; the student should meet with his/her principal supervisor on a regular basis throughout the project.  It is best to start thinking about your Senior Project before the start of the semester in question. 

There are two options for the Senior Project:

i) HIST4950 Independent Project

This option can be taken in the fall or winter semester of your final year, although typically students take the course in the winter semester of their fourth year.  It is important to have completed HIST 3840 as well as nine other history courses before enrolling in HIST 4950.  HIST4950 involves a thesis proposal, annotated bibliography, and outline, which is then followed by the research for the project, the writing of the essay draft, and an oral presentation.  More details are provided below.


ii) HIST 4951 and HIST 4952  Advanced Research Essay I and II

The program has created a new stream for the Senior Project that spans two courses, and this stream will go airborne in the fall 2020 semester.  Specifically, the courses HIST 4951 and 4952 (Advanced Research Essay I and II, respectively) offer students the ability to pursue a more extensive project over two semesters and present it in written and oral form.  If you choose this stream, you need both courses, HIST 4951 and HIST 4952.  In HIST 4951, you will acquire a knowledge of the scholarship in your chosen field of study and then develop essay proposal.  In HIST 4952, you will pursue the research for the essay and then write the essay (which would be longer than the essay required for HIST 4950).  An oral presentation of the essay is required as well. Students who take HIST 4951 and HIST 4952 will be required to do only four courses in the history-related disciplines, instead of five.  More details are provided below.

As with HIST 4950, it is important to have completed HIST 3840 as well as nine other history courses before enrolling in HIST 4951.

Which option is best for you? The HIST 4951-4952 is an option for the senior project that is particularly well suited to those students who wish to delve into a topic in greater depth and who are considering graduate school.  HIST 4951-4952 is similar to an Honours thesis and the professors who write your letters of reference can make that point.  Nevertheless, students majoring in Historical Studies have had good success gaining entrance to post-graduate programs having taken HIST 4950.

Overall, the Senior Project is the "flagship" course of your Historical Studies degree. It is highly desirable that you do well and our faculty will do everything they can to help you succeed.  Copies of outstanding HIST 4950 papers are available upon request, as a guide to the quality of research and writing expected of you.

Please note: All students enrolled in either option are required to attend an information session in the first week of the semester (time and date t.b.a.). 



  1. The finished paper will be between 5,000 and 7,500 words in length.
  2. The research base will be equivalent to 15 books, although it may take other forms than traditional printed sources (with the supervisor's approval). Where and when appropriate, students may be encouraged to consult primary sources; this, however, is not a course requirement per se.
  3. During the first week of the semester, students will meet with their assigned supervisor to discuss their topics, as previously submitted to the Program Chair, and to begin the immediate preparation of the formal proposal and annotated bibliography.
  4. Students will submit a formal thesis proposal supported by an annotated bibliography to their supervisor by the end of the second week of the semester, or the first drop date of the semester, whichever comes first. Samples of these assignments are available upon request.
  5. A detailed working outline of their project with an introductory paragraph will be presented to the supervisor by the end of the fifth week of the semester.
  6. Students will hand in a full first submission of their project in the eighth week of the semester (remember that this is not your first draft but should be as complete and as polished as you can make it; treat it like your final submission!).
  7. Students will give an Oral Presentation based on their first full submission in the tenth week of the semester. They will receive written comments on this oral presentation through their supervisor no later than three days after the presentation.

The final paper will be due no later than the last day of classes during the semester.   

All HIST 4950 papers are compiled at the end of the academic year and made available in the Ferriss-Hodgett Library.  Students will have the opportunity, if they choose, to make editorial changes upon receiving comments to their final paper before they get reprinted for archival purposes and public distribution.



Please note that each assignment noted below will be accepted only if it meets the standard required at this level, as determined by your supervisor.

Formal thesis proposal and annotated bibliography
(if the supervisor deems the assignment to be unacceptable, the student will have one chance to revise and resubmit the assignment)


Detailed outline with introductory paragraphs


First submission of the paper


Oral presentation


Finished paper




Failure to meet any due date without showing due cause will result in a penalty of 5% for the first day and 2% for each calendar day up to a maximum of 6 total "late days," after which a grade of zero will be awarded for the assignment in question.  Students must advise their supervisors in advance of any delays in submission.

The grade for the final submission of the paper will be determined mainly by the supervisor, in consultation with the second reader.



HISTORY 4951 Advanced Research Essay I

Course Description

This course is the first part in the Advanced Research Essay. The purpose of this course is to familiarize the student with the field and the broader historical context surrounding the topic. Students will choose a project advisor in consultation with the program chair.  The chair will then seek a second reader for the project.  

In this course, the student will meet with the project advisor about once a week to discuss the readings and the assignments. The reading list will be worked out in collaboration with the instructor during the first two weeks of class.

While students are encouraged to base the advanced research essay on primary historical materials, logistical challenges may render this impossible, depending on the topic.  In such an instance, an essay that is historiographical in orientation would be perfectly acceptable.

Assignment Structure Overview:



Due date




​Reading List


​Monday of week two

​Histriographical Essay


​Wednesday of week six

​First Version of Essay Proposal


​Monday of week nine

​Presentation on Essay Proposal


​Week nine of the semester

​Final Version of Essay Proposal


​Monday of week twelve


Assignment Structure in Detail:

i) Participation

Value: 20%

      Students will be evaluated on their preparedness for the weekly meetings with the advisor as well as the caliber of the comments made by the student.  There will be a few periodic meetings throughout the semester for all Historical Studies program faculty as well as all the students enrolled in the course.


ii) Reading List (comprised of books and articles related to the student’s chosen essay topic but also potential methodologies and relevant historiography)

Value: 10%

Due: Monday of week two


iii) Historiographical Essay 

Length: 15 pages

Value: 15%

Due: Wednesday of week six

This essay will discuss and analyse in detail the scholarship that is relevant to the essay.


iv) Preliminary Essay Proposal

Length: fifteen pages

Value: 15%

Due: Monday of week nine

this proposal will contain extensive detail on the following:

  • the historical issue or problem to be addressed in the essay
  • the historical context
  • the historiography of the broader subject area
  • the importance of the student’s essay topic and how it will contribute to the broader subject area
  • the historiography that is relevant to the essay topic
  • the sources to be used and their accessibility
  • the methodology that the student will employ
  • the essay’s hypothesis

v) Presentation on Essay Proposal

Value: 10%

Date: Week nine of the semester

Each student will be required to give a fifteen-minute presentation on the proposal.  The presentation will be attended by Historical Studies faculty as well as the other students in the course.


vi) Final Essay Proposal with Annotated Bibliography

Length: 15 pages

Value: 30%

Due: Monday of week twelve

The second reader of the essay project will be given a copy of the final proposal to review and comment on.


Late Penalties

Failure to meet any due date without showing due cause will result in a penalty of 5% for the first day and 2% for each calendar day up to a maximum of 6 total "late days," after which a grade of zero will be awarded for the assignment in question.  Students must advise their faculty advisors in advance of any delays in submission.


HISTORY 4952 Advanced Research Essay II

Course Description

This course continues the foundational work on the independent project conducted in HIST 4951. The bulk of the work in HIST 4952 will be devoted to conducting the primary source research, preparing the outline for the paper, writing the drafts and giving an oral presentation.  Primary source research could involve research in local archives or the use of printed materials available through the Digital Humanities online repository or the university library collection.  However, the topic chosen may present various logistical impediments that render primary historical research impossible; in such a case, an essay that is historiographical in nature is perfectly acceptable.

Each student enrolled in this course will normally meet on a regular basis with the same faculty advisor with whom the student worked in History 4951.


Assignment Structure Overview:



Due date

​Outline of Essay


​Monday of week three

​First draft of Essay


​Monday of week eight

​Final draft of Essay


​Monday of week eleven

​Oral presentation


​End of semester



Assignment Structure in Detail:

i) Outline of essay

Length: four pages

Due: Monday of week three

Worth: 10%


ii) First draft of essay

Length: 25-40 pages in addition to the bibliography and documentation

Due: Monday, Monday of week eight

Worth: 20%


iii) Final draft of essay

Due: Monday of week eleven

Worth: 40%


iii) Oral presentation (at the Nick Novakowski symposium at the end of the semester)

Worth: 30%

The second reader of the essay project will be given a copy of the final essay to review and comment on.

All HIST 4952 papers are compiled at the end of the academic year and made available in the Ferriss-Hodgett Library.  Students will have the opportunity, if they choose, to make editorial changes upon receiving comments to their final paper before they get reprinted for archival purposes and public distribution.


Late Penalties

Failure to meet any due date without showing due cause will result in a penalty of 5% for the first day and 2% for each calendar day up to a maximum of 6 total "late days," after which a grade of zero will be awarded for the assignment in question. Students must advise their faculty advisors in advance of any delays in submission.



Guidelines for the Oral Presentation

An oral presentation, worth 15% of a student's total grade, is a requirement of HIST 4950. The following is a set of guidelines for students preparing such a presentation.

The public presentation will be given in front of all Historical Studies faculty and any students who choose to attend, in the tenth week of the semester.  The purpose of the presentation is to aid the presenter in further drafting a final version of the individual project by furnishing them with clear advice two weeks before the final draft is due. As well, such occasions help to acquaint attending students who are in an earlier stage of the program with what is expected of them later.  Finally, this presentation serves to introduce students with what might be required in graduate school or a public forum, and provides them with experience in performing in such an environment.

Students are encouraged to do "trial runs" of their presentation in front of their peers.

The presenter should give an approximately twenty-minute talk. This will normally comprise of a discussion of their research and findings, specifically:

a) Where the topic fits into the literature;

b) The sources and evidence upon which the project was based;

c) The central issues at the heart of the project; and

d) The final  thesis, evidence, argument, and conclusions of the project.

The presentation then will be followed by a question period, during which the presenter will respond to any questions from faculty or fellow students. Students will be graded primarily on the clarity and strength of their argument as well as their use of evidence.

The student will receive written comments on his/her oral presentation through their supervisor no later than three days after the presentation.  The grade for the oral presentation will be determined by a consensus of all Historical Studies faculty in attendance.

Further guidelines on giving oral presentations will be presented at the information session in the first week of the semester.

A minor in art history will broaden your understanding of art and architecture and how they reflect the progression of human civilization. Courses in art history at Grenfell will demonstrate how the creativity of human civilizations is meaningful as historical evidence.

If you have a passion for travel, you may wish to take your appreciation of and exposure to art to an international level. Memorial University's Harlow Campus is the site of Grenfell's intensive art history study experience, which is held every two years. This 12-week immersion program offers three full credit courses open to students in the VA program and other degree areas. If you choose to go to Harlow, you’ll take daily field trips to important cultural and architectural sites in the UK. The majority of the course work occurs directly in London, with regular trips into the city. These art history courses are immersive and experiential, offering a hybrid of art history, visual and material culture, and studio-based work. You’ll also have the opportunity to travel to Bath, Salisbury, Stonehenge, St. Ives and Bristol as well as day trips to Cambridge, Saffron Walden and Brighton. In addition, there’s time to plan your own week-long excursion virtually anywhere in Europe.


Art history courses

  • 2700 - Art history survey I (same as history 2700)
  • 2701 - Art history survey II (same as history 2701)
  • 3620 - Philosophy of art
  • 3700 - Art history: The Italian renaissance (same as history 3700
  • 3701 - Art History: The Renaissance outside Italy (same as history 3701)
  • 3702-3721 - Art history: Special topics
  • 3820 - Religion and the arts (same as religious studies 3820)
  • 4700-4729 - Art history: Special topics
  • 4730 - Art history: Modern art I: Precursors to modernism (same as history 4730)
  • 4731 - Art history: Modern art II: Early modernism (same as history 4731)