Steinberg, D.K., Stamieszkin, K., Maas, A.E., Durkin, C.A., Passow, U., Estapa, M.L., Omand, M.M., McDonnell, A.M.P., Karp-Boss, L., Galbraith, M., Siegel, D.A. (2021) The outsized role of salps in carbon export in the subarctic Northeast Pacific Ocean. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences submitted

Liang,Y., Bretherton, L., Brown, C.M., Passow,U., Quigg, A., Irwin, A.J., Finkel, Z. (2021) Transcriptome-wide responses of aggregates of the diatom Odontella aurita to oil. Marine Ecology Progress Series accepted

Farrington, J.W., Overton, E.B., Passow, U. (2021) New Insights and Remaining Gaps in our Understanding of Biogeochemical Processes Affecting the Fate of Discharged Deepwater Horizon (Macondo). Gas and Oil Oceanography accepted

Ziervogel,K., Sweet, J., Juhl, A.R., Passow, U. (2021) Sediment resuspension and associated extracellular enzyme activities: A mechanism for benthic-pelagic coupling in the deep Gulf of Mexico. Frontiers in Marine Science of Marine Biogeochemistry accepted

Siegel, D. et al. An Operational Overview of the EXport Processes in the Ocean from RemoTe Sensing (EXPORTS) Northeast Pacific Field Deployment (2021). Elementa Science of the Anthropogene submitted.

D'Souza, N., Laws, E., Passow, U. (2021) Growth and produtivity response of a diatom to multiple stressors. Journal of Phycology in revision.

Passow, U., Overton, E. (2021) The Complexity of Spills: The Fate of the Deepwater Horizon Oil. Annual Review of Marine Sciences , 13:109-136.

Laws, E., McClellan, A., Passow, U. (2020).Interactive effects of CO2, temperature, irradiance, and nutrient limitation on the growth and physiology of the marine diatom CV Passow 6 Thalassiosira pseudonana. Journal of Phycology, doi:10.1111/jpy.13048.

Burd, A., Quigg, A., Jeffrey P. Chanton, Daly, K.L., Gilbert, S. and Passow, U. (2020) The Science Behind Marine-Oil Snow and MOSSFA: Past, Present, and Future. Progress of Oceanography, 187: 102398.

Giering, SLC., Cavan, E.L., Basedow, S.L., Briggs, N., Burd, A.B., Darroch, L.J., Guidi, L., Irisson, J.O., Iversen, M.H., Kiko, R., Lindsay, D.J., Marcolin, C.R., McDonnell, A.MP., Moller, KO., Passow, U., Thomalla, S., Trull T.W., Waite, A. (2020) Sinking organic particles in the ocean - what can we learn from optical devices. Frontiers, 6(834). doi:

Passow, U., Stout, S. (2020) Character and Sedimentation of “Lingering” Macondo Oil to the Deep-Sea after the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Marine Chemistry, 218(103733). doi:

Bera, G., Doyle, S., Passow, U., Kamalanathan, M., Wade, T.L., Sylvan, J.B., Sericano, J.L., Gold, G., Quigg, A., Knap, A.H. (2019) Biological response to dissolved versus dispersed oil. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 110713, ISSN 0025-326X. doi:  

Ziervogel, K., Joye, S.B., Kleindienst, S., Malkin, S.Y., Passow, U., Steen, A.D., and Arnosti, C. 2019. Polysaccharide hydrolysis in the presence of oil and dispersants: Insights into potential degradation pathways of exopolymeric substances (EPS) from oildegrading bacteria. Elem Sci Anth, 7(1), p.31. doi:

Bera, G., Gold-Bouchot, G., Passow, U., Wade, T.L., Shi, D., Morales-McDevitt, M., Ramirez-Miss, N., Knap, A.H., Quigg, A. (2019). Inter-laboratory calibration of estimated oil equivalent (EOE) concentrations of a water accommodated fraction (WAF) of oil and a chemically enhanced WAF (CEWAF). Heliyon, 5(1). doi: 

Francis S, Passow U (2018) Transport of dispersed oil to the seafloor by sinking phytoplankton aggregates: a modeling study. Deep Sea Research submitted Sep. 2018

Passow, U., Sweet, J., Francis, S., Xu, C., Dissanayake, A.L., Lin, J., Santschi, P.H., Quigg, A. (2019). Incorporation of oil into diatom aggregates. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 612:65-86. doi:

Bretherton, L., Kamalanathan, M., Genzer, J., Hillhouse, J., Setta, S., Laing, Y., Brown, C. M, Bradet-Legris, M., Xu, C., Sweet, J., Passow, U., Finkel, Z.V., Irwin, A, J., Santschi, P. H., Quigg, A. (2019). Response of natural phytoplankton communities exposed to crude oil and chemical dispersants during a mesocosm experiment. Aquatic Toxicology, 206:43-53. doi:

Gutierrez,T., Teske,A.,Ziervogel,K., Passow, U., Quigg, A (2018). Microbial exopolymers: CV Passow 7 sources, chemico-physiological properties, and ecosystem effects in the marine environment. Frontiers in Microbiology, section Aquatic Microbiology: 9: 1822. doi:

Bittar, T.B., Passow, U., Hamaraty, L., Bidle, K.D., Harvey, E.L., Robinson, C., Suttle, C. A., Jiao, N. (2018). An Updated method for the calibration of transparent exopolymer particle (TEP) measurements. Limnology & Oceanography Methods, 16(10):621-628. doi:10.1002/lom3.10268.

Zhang, C., Dang H., Azam, F., Benner, R., Legendre, L., Passow, U., Polimene, L., Robinson, C., Suttle, C.A., and Jiao, N. (2018). Evolving paradigms in biological carbon cycling in the ocean. National Science Review: 5 (4): 481-499. doi:

Wirth, M., Passow, U., Jeschek, J., Hand, I. and Schulz-Bull, D.E. (2018). Partitioning of Oil Compounds into Marine Oil Snow: Insights into Prevailing Mechanisms and Dispersant Effects. Marine Chemistry, 206: 62-73. doi:

Hanley, K.T., Wuertz, S., Schriewer, A., Passow, U., Smith, W.,Sharpiro, K.S. (2018). Effects of salinity and transparent exopolymer particles on formation of aquatic aggregates and their association with norovirus. Science of the Total Environment, 643:1514-1521

Jones, J.M., Passow, U., Fradkin, S.C. (2018). Characterizing the vulnerability of intertidal organisms in Olympic National Park to ocean acidification. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 6(1): 54. doi:

Chanton, J. P., Giering, S. L. C., Bosman, S. H., Rogers, K. L., Sweet, J., Asper, V. L., Diercks, A.R., Passow, U. (2018). Isotopic composition of sinking particles: Oil effects, recovery and baselines in the Gulf of Mexico, 2010–2015. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 6(1), 43. doi:

Liu, G., Bracco, A. and Passow, U. (2018). The influence of mesoscale and submesoscale circulation on sinking particles in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 6(1). doi:

Dissanayake, A.L., Burd, A., Daly, K.L., Francis, S. and Passow, U. (2018). Numerical Modeling of the Interactions of Oil, Marine Snow, and Riverine Sediments in the Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123(8):5388-5405. doi:

Diercks, A-R., Dike, C., Asper, V., DiMarco, S.F., Chanton, J., Passow, U. (2018). Scales of seafloor sediment resuspension in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Elementa Science of the Anthropocene, 6(32). doi: CV

Passow 8 Boyd, P.W., Collins, S., Dupont, S., Fabricius, K., Gattuso, J-P., Havenhand, J., Hutchins, D.A., Riebesell, U., Rintoul, M.S., Vichi, M., Biswas, H., Ciotti, A., Gao, K., Gehlen, M., Hurd, C., Kurihara, H., McGraw, C.M., Navarro, J., Nilsson, G.E., Passow, U., Pörtner, HO., (2018). Experimental strategies to assess the biological ramifications of multiple drivers of global ocean change – a review. Global Change Biology, 24(6):2239-2261. doi:10.1111/gcb.14102

Giering, SLC., Yan, B., Sweet, J., Asper, V., Diercks, A., Chanton, J., Pitiranggon, M., Passow, U. (2018). The ecosystem baseline for particle flux in the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Elementa Science of the Anthropocene, 6(6). doi:

Passow, U., Sweet, J., Quigg, A. (2017). How the dispersant Corexit impacts the formation of sinking marine oil snow. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 125(1-2):139-145.doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.08.015

James, A.K., , Passow, U., Brzezinski, M.A., Parsons, R.J., Trapani, J.N., Carlson, C.A. (2017). Elevated pCO2 enhances bacterioplankton removal of organic carbon. PlosOne, 12(3),e0173145. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0173145

McLaughlin, K., Dickson, A., Weisberg, S.B., Coale, K., Elrod, V., Hunter, C., Johnson, K.S., Kram, S., Kudela, R., Martz, T., Negrey, K., Passow, U., Shaughnessy, F., Smith, J.E., Tadesse, D., Washburn, L., Weis, K.R. (2017). An Evaluation of ISFET Sensors for Coastal pH Monitoring Applications. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 12:11-18. doi:10.1016/j.rsma.2017.02.008

Mari, X., Passow, U., Migon, C., Burd, A.B., Legendre, L. (2017). Transparent Exopolymer Particles in the ocean: Effects on carbon cycling in the ocean. Progress in Oceanography, 151:13-37. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2016.11.002

Jennings, M.K., Passow, U., Wozniak, A.S., Hansell, D.A. (2017). Distribution of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) across an organic carbon gradient in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Marine Chemistry, 190:1-12. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2017.01.002

Quigg A, Passow U, Chin W-C, Xu C, Doyle S, et al. 2016. The role of microbial exopolymers in determining the fate of oil and chemical dispersants in the ocean. Limnology and Oceanography Letters, 1: 3-26

Jones, J.M., Sweet, J., Brzezinski, M.A., McNair, H.M., Passow, U. (2016). Evaluating Carbonate System Algorithms in a Nearshore System: Does Total Alkalinity Matter? PLoS ONE, 11 (11), e0165191. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0165191

Kleindienst, S., Seidel, M., Ziervogel, K., Grim, S., Loftis, K., Harrison, S., Malkin, S.Y., Perkins, M.J., Field, J., Sogin, M.L., Dittmar, T., Passow, U., Medeiros, P., Joye, S.B. (2016). Reply to Prince et al.: Ability of chemical dispersants to reduce oil spill impacts remains CV Passow 9 unclear. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (11), E1422-E1423

Passow, U., & Hetland, R. (2016). What happened to all of the oil? Oceanography, 29(3): 88-95 Passow, U., & Ziervogel, K. (2016). Marine snow sedimented oil released during the Deepwater Horizon spill. Oceanography: 29(3): 118-125

Joye, S.B., Bracco, A., Özgökmen, T.M., Chanton, J.P., Grosell, M., Macdonald, I.R., Cordes, E.E., Montoya, J.P., & Passow, U. (2016). The Gulf of Mexico Ecosystem, six years after the of Macondo oil well blowout. Deep Sea Research II, 129: 4-19. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.04.018

Yan, B., Passow,U., Chanton, J., Nöthig, E.-M., Asper, V., Sweet, J., Pitiranggon, M., Diercks, A., & Pak, D. (2016). Sustained deposition of contaminants from the deepwater horizon spill. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(24):E3332-E3340. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1513156113

Ziervogel, K., Osburn, C., Brym, A., Battles, J., Joye, S., D'souza, N., Montoya, J., Passow, U., & Arnosti, C. (2016). Linking heterotrophic microbial activities with particle charachteristics in waters of the Mississippi River Delta in the aftermath of Huricane Isaac. Frontiers in Marine Science: Marine Biochemistry, 3:8 . doi:

Diner, R. E., Benner, I., Passow, U., Komada, T., Carpenter, E. J., & Stillman, J.H. (2015). Negative effects of ocean acidification on calcification vary within the coccolithophore genus Calcidiscus. Marine Biology, 162(6):1287-1305. doi:10.1007/s00227-015-2669-x

Daly, K. L., Passow, U., Chanton, J., & Hollander, D. (2016). Assessing the impacts of oilassociated marine snow formation and sedimentation during and after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Anthropocene 13: 18-33. doi:10.1016/j.ancene.2016.01.006

Ziervogel, K., Dike, C., Asper, V., Montoya, J., Battles, J., D’Souza, N., Passow, U., Diercks, A., Esch, M., Joye, S., Dewald, C., & Arnosti, C. (2016). Enhanced particle fluxes and heterotrophic bacterial activities in Gulf of Mexico bottom waters following storminduced sediment resuspension. Deep Sea Research Part II, 129: 77-88. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2015.06.017

Taucher, J., Jones, J., James, A., Brzezinski, M. A., Carlson, C. A., Riebesell, U., & Passow, U. (2015). Combined effects of CO2 and temperature on carbon uptake and partitioning by the marine diatoms Thalassiosira weissflogii and Dactyliosolen fragilissimus. Limnology and Oceanography, 60(3):901-919. doi:10.1002/lno.10063

Passow, U., & Laws, E. A. (2015). Ocean acidification as one of multiple stressors: Growth response of Thalassiosira weissflogii (diatom) under temperature and light stress. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 541:75-90. doi:10.3354/meps11541

Kleindienst, S., Seidel, M., Ziervogel, K., Grim, S., Loftis, K., Harrison, S., Malkin, S.Y., Perkins, M.J., Field, J., Sogin, M.L., Dittmar, T., Passow, U., Medeiros, P.M., and Joye, S.B. (2015). Chemical dispersants can suppress the activity of natural oil-degrading microorganisms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(48): 14900-14905. doi:10.1073/pnas.1507380112

Breitburg, D.L., Salisbury, J., Bernhard, I.M., Cai, W. J., Dupont, S., Doney, S.C., Kroeker, K.J., Levin, L.A., Long, C., Milke, L.M., Miller, S.H., Phelan, B., Passow, U., Seibel, B.A., CV Passow 10 Todgham, A.E., & Tarrant, A.M., (2015). And on top of all that. . . Coping with ocean acidification in the midst of many stressors. Oceanography, 28(2): 48-61. doi:10.5670/oceanog.2015.31

Bar-Zeev, E., Passow, U., Romero-Vargas Castrillón, S., & Elimelech, M. (2015). Transparent Exopolymer Particles (TEP): From Aquatic Environments and Engineered Systems to Membrane Biofouling. Environmental Science & Technology, 49(2): 691-707. doi:10.1021/es5041738

Ziervogel, K., D’Souza, N., Sweet, J., Yan, B., & Passow, U. (2014). Natural oil slicks fuel surface water microbial activities in the nothern Gulf of Mexico. Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology, 5:188. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2014.00188/full

Seebah, S., Fairfield, C., Ullrich, M. S., & Passow, U. (2014). Aggregation and sedimentation of Thalassiosira weissflogii (diatom) in a warmer and more acidified future ocean. PLoS ONE, 9(11), e112379. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0112379

Passow, U., De La Rocha, C. L., Fairfield, C., & Schmidt, K. (2014). Aggregation as a function of pCO2 and mineral particles. Limnology and Oceanography, 59(2): 532-547. doi:10.4319/lo.2014.59.2.0532

Passow, U. (2014). Formation of Rapidly-Sinking, Oil-Associated Marine Snow. Deep Sea Research II: 129: 232-240 (2016 hardcopy). doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.10.001

Moriceau, B., Laruelle, G. G., Passow, U., Cappellen, P. V., & Ragueneau, O. (2014). Biogenic silica dissolution in diatom aggregates: insights from reactive transport modelling Marine Ecology Progress Series, 517: 35-49. doi:10.3354/meps11028

Koch, B. P., Kattner, G., Witt, M., & Passow, U. (2014). Molecular insights into the microbial formation of marine dissolved organic matter: recalcitrant or labile? Biogeosciences, 11(15): 4173-4190. doi:10.5194/bg-11-4173-2014

De La Rocha, C. L., & Passow, U. (2014). The biological pump. In K. K. Turekian & H. D. Holland (Eds.), Treatise on Geochemistry (2nd ed., Vol. 8, pp. 93-122). Oxford: Elsevier.

Boyd, P.W., Rynearson, T.A., Armstrong, E.A., Fu, F., Hayashi, K., Hu, Z., Hutchins, D.A., Kudela, R.M., Litchman, E., Mulholland, M.R., Passow, U., Strzepek, R.F., Whittaker, K.A., Yu, E., & Thomas, M.K. (2013). Marine Phytoplankton Temperature versus Growth Responses from Polar to Tropical Waters - Outcome of a Scientific Community-Wide Study. PLoS ONE, 8(5), e63091. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063091

Passow, U., Ziervogel, K., Asper, V., & Diercks, A. (2012). Marine snow formation in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Environmental Research Letters, 7(3):035031, 11. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/3/035301

Passow, U., & Carlson, C. (2012). The Biological Pump in a High CO2 World. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 470: 249-271. doi:10.3354/meps09985 Passow, U. (2012). The Abiotic Formation of TEP under different ocean acidification scenarios. Marine Chemistry, 128-129: 72-80. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2011.10.004

Gärdes, A., Ramaye, Y., Grossart, H.-P., Passow, U., & Ullrich, M. S. (2012). Effects of Marinobacter adhaerens HP15 on polymer exudation by Thalassiosira weissflogii at CV Passow 11 different N: P ratios. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 461:1-14. doi: 10.3554/meps09894

Arnosti, C., Fuchs, B. M., Amann, R., & Passow, U. (2012). Contrasting extracellular enzyme activities of particle-associated bacteria from distinct provinces of the North Atlantic Ocean. Frontiers in Microbiology, 3, 425. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2012.00425

Gärdes, A., Iversen, M. H., Grossart, H.-P., Passow, U., & Ullrich, M. (2011). Diatom associated bacteria are required for aggregation of Thalassiosira weissflogii. ISME Journal, 5(3), 436-445. doi:10.1038/ismej.2010.145

Passow, U., French, M.A., Robert, M. (2011) Biological controls on dissolution of diatom frustules during their descent to the deep ocean: Lessons learned from controlled laboratory experiments. Deep Sea Research I, 58(12):1147-1157. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.09.001

Arnosti, C., Grossart, H.-P., Muehling, M., Joint, I., Passow, U. (2011) Dynamics of extracellular enzyme activities in seawater under changed atmospheric pCO2: A mesocosm investigation. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 64(3):285-298. doi: 10.3354/ame01522

Strmečki, S., Plavšić, M., Steigenberger, S., Passow, U. (2010) Characterization of phytoplankton exudates and carbohydrates in relation to their complexation of Copper, Cadmium and Iron. Marine Ecology Progress Series 408:33-46. doi:10.3354/meps08555

Steigenberger, S., Statham, P.J., Völker, C., Passow, U. (2010) The role of polysaccharides and diatom exudates in the redox cycling of Fe and the photoproduction of hydrogen peroxide in coastal waters. Biogeosciences, 7:109-119.

Ploug, H., Terbrüggen, A., Kaufmann, A., Wolf-Gladrow, D., Passow, U. (2010) A novel method to measure particle sinking velocity in vitro, and its comparison to three other in vitro methods. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 8:386-393. doi:10.4319/lom.2010.8.386

Benner, I., Passow, U. (2010) Utilization of organic nutrients by coccolithophores. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 404:21-29. doi: 10.3354/meps08474 Bathmann, U., Passow, U. (2010) Globale Erwärmung. Kohlenstoffpumpen im Ozean Steuern das Klima. Biologie in unserer Zeit, 40(5):304-313. doi:10.1002/biuz.201010429

Ortega-Retuerta, E., Passow, U., Duarte, C.M., Reche, I. (2009) Effects of ultraviolet B radiation on (not so) transparent exopolymer particles. Biogeosciences, 6:3071-3080. doi:10.5194/bg-6-3071-2009

Leblanc, K., Hare, C.E., Feng, Y., Berg, G.M., DiTullio, G.R., Neeley, A., Benner, I., Sprengel, C., Beck, A., Sanudo-Wilhelmy, S.A., Passow, U., Klinck, K., Rowe, J.M., Wilhelm, S.W., Brown, C.W., Hutchins, D.A. (2009) Distribution of calcifying and silicifying phytoplankton in relation to environmental and biogeochemical parameters during the late stages of the 2005 North East Atlantic Spring Bloom. Biogeosciences, 6:2155-2179

Feng, Y., Hare, C.E., Leblanc, K., Rose, J.M., Zhang, Y., DiTullio, G.R., Lee, P.A., Wilhelm, S.W., Rowe, J.M., Sun, J., Nemcek, N., Gueguen, C., Passow, U., Benner, I., Brown, C., Hutchins, D.A. (2009) Effects of increased pCO2 and temperature on the North Atlantic Spring Bloom. I. The phytoplankton community and biogeochemical response. Marine CV Passow 12 Ecology Progress Series, 388:13-25. doi:10.3354/meps08133

Bathmann, U., Passow, U. (2009) Carbon pumps in the southern ocean are impacting global climate. In: G. Hempel & I. Hempel (eds) Biological Studies in Polar Oceans - Exploration of Life in Icy Waters, Elsevier, 219-226.

Bar-Zeev, E., Berman-Frank, I., Liberman, B., Rahav, E., Passow, U., Berman, T. (2009) Transparent exopolymer particles: Potential agents for organic fouling and biofilm formation in desalination and water treatment plants. Desalination and Water Treatment, 3(1-3):136-142. doi:10.5004/dwt.2009.444

De La Rocha, C.L., Nowald, N., Passow, U. (2008) Interactions between diatom aggregates, minerals, particulate organic carbon, and dissolved organic matter: Further implications for the ballast hypothesis. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22:GB4005. doi:10.1029/2007GB003156

Skoog, A., Alldredge, A., Passow, U., Dunne, J., Murray, J. (2007) Neutral aldoses as source indicators for marine snow. Marine Chemistry 108(3-4):195-206. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2007.11.008

Ploug, H., Passow, U. (2007) Direct Measurments of diffusivity of diatom aggregates containing transparent exopolymer particles. Limnology and Oceanography, 52(1):1-6. doi:10.4319/lo.2007.52.1.0001

Passow, U., De La Rocha, C.L., Arnosti, C., Grossart, H.P., Murray, A.E., Engel, A. (2007) Microbial dynamics in autotrophic and heterotrophic seawater mesocosms. I. Effect of phytoplankton on the microbial loop. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 49(2):109-121. doi:10.3354/ame01138

Murray, A.E., Arnosti, C., De La Rocha, C.L., Grossart, H.P., Passow, U. (2007) Microbial dynamics in autotrophic and heterotrophic seawater mesocosms. II. Bacterioplankton community structure and hydrolytic enzyme activities. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 49(2):123-141. doi:10.3354/ame01139

Moriceau, B., Garvey, M., Ragueneau, O., , Passow, U. (2007) Evidence for reduced biogenic silica dissolution rates in diatom aggregates. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 333:129-142. doi:10.3354/meps333129

Grossart, H.P., Engel, A., Arnosti, C., De La Rocha, C.L., Murray, A.E., Passow, U. (2007) Microbial dynamics in autotrophic and heterotrophic seawater mesocosms. III. Organic matter fluxes. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 49:143-156. doi:10.3354/ame01140

Garvey, M., Moriceau, B., Passow, U. (2007) Applicability of the FDA assay to determine the viability of marine phytoplankton under different environmental conditions. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 352:17-26. doi:10.3354/meps07134

De La Rocha, C.L., Passow, U. (2007) Factors influencing the sinking of POC and the efficiency of the biological carbon pump. Deep Sea Research II, 54(5-7):639-658. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.01.004

Croot, P.L., Passow, U., Assmy, P., Jansen, S., Strass, V.H. (2007) Surface active substances in the upper water column during a Southern Ocean Iron Fertilization Experiment (EIFEX). Geophysical Research Letters, 34(3):L03612. CV Passow 13 doi:10.1029/2006GL028080

Berman, T., Passow, U. (2007) Transparent Exopolymer Particles (TEP): An overlooked factor in the process of biofilm formation in aquatic environments. Nature Preceedings Santschi, P.H.,

Murray, J.W., Baskaran, M., Benitez-Nelson, C.R., Guo, L.D., Hung, C-C., Lamborg, C., Moran, S.B., Passow, U., Roy-Barman, M. (2006) Thorium speciation in seawater. Marine Chemistry, 100(3-4):250-268. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2005.10.024

Passow, U., Dunne, J., Murray, J.W., Balistrieri, L., Alldredge, A.L. (2006) Organic carbon to 234Th ratios of marine organic matter. Marine Chemistry, 100(3-4):323-336. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2005.10.020

Passow, U., De La Rocha, C.L. (2006) Accumulation of mineral ballast on organic aggregates. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20:GB1013. doi:10.1029/2005GB002579 Passow, U., Arnosti, C. (2006) Degradation of complex polysaccharides in marine pelagic communities. In: CIESM-Monographs (ed) Production and fate of dissolved organic matter in the Mediterranean Sea 28

Grossart, H.P., Allgaier, M., Passow, U., Riebesell, U. (2006) Testing the effect of CO2 concentration on the dynamics of marine heterotrophic bacterioplankton. Limnology and Oceanography, 51(1):1-11. doi:10.4319/lo.2006.51.1.0001

Buesseler, K.O., Benitez-Nelson, C.R., Moran, S.B., Burd, A., Charette, M., Cochran, J.K., Coppola, L., Fisher, N.S., Fowler, S.W., Gardner, W.D., Guo, L.D., Gustafsson, O., Lamborg, C., Masque, P., Miquel, J.C., Passow, U., Santschi, P.H., Savoye, N., Stewart, G., Trull, T. (2006) An assessment of particulate organic carbon to 234thorium ratios in the ocean and their impact on the application of 234Th as a POC flux proxy. Marine Chemistry, 100(3-4):213-233. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2005.10.013

Verdugo, P., Alldredge, A.L., Azam, F., Kirchman, D.L., Passow, U., Santschi, P.H. (2004) The oceanic gel phase: A bridge in the DOM-POM continuum. Marine Chemistry, 92(1- 4):67-85. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2004.06.017

Passow, U. (2004) Switching perspectives: Do mineral fluxes determine particulate organic carbon fluxes or vice versa? Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 5(4):1-5. doi:10.1029/2003GC000670

De La Rocha, C.L., Passow, U. (2004) Recovery of Thalassiosira weissflogii from nitrogen and silicon starvation. Limnology and Oceanography, 49(1):245-255. doi:10.4319/lo.2004.49.1.0245

Azetsu-Scott ,K., Passow, U. (2004) Ascending marine particles: Significance of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) in the upper ocean. Limnology and Oceanography, 49(3):741-748. doi:10.4319/lo.2004.49.3.0741

Passow, U., Engel, A., Ploug, H. (2003) The Role of aggregation for the dissolution of diatom frustules. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 46(3):247-255. doi:10.1016/S0168- 6496(03)00199-5

Shipe, R.F., Passow, U., Brzezinski, M.A., Graham, W.M., Pak, D.K., Siegel, D.A., Alldredge, A.L. (2002) Effects of the 1997-98 El Nino on seasonal variations in suspended and sinking particles in the Santa Barbara basin. Progress in Oceanography, 54(1-4):105- CV Passow 14 127. doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(02)00045-9

Passow, U. (2002b) Transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) in aquatic environments. Progress in Oceanography, 55(3-4):287-333. doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(02)00138-6

Passow, U. (2002a) Production of TEP by phytoplankton and bacteria. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 236:1-12

Engel, A., Goldthwait, S., Passow, U., Alldredge, A. (2002) Temporal decoupling of carbon and nitrogen dynamics in a mesocosm diatom bloom. Limnology and Oceanography, 47(3):753-761. doi:10.4319/lo.2002.47.3.0753

Passow, U., Shipe, R.F., Murray, A., Pak, D.K., Brzezinski, M.A., Alldredge, A.L. (2001) The origin of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) and their role in the sedimentation of particulate matter. Continental Shelf Research, 21(4):327-346. doi:10.1016/S0278- 4343(00)00101-1

Engel, A., Passow, U. (2001) Carbon and nitrogen content of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) in relation to their Alcian Blue adsorption. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 219:1-10. doi:10.3354/meps219001

Passow, U. (2000) Formation of transparent exopolymer particles, TEP, from dissolved precursor material. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 192:1-11

Passow, U., Alldredge, A.L. (1999) Do transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) inhibit grazing by the euphausid Euphausia pacifica? Journal of Plankton Research, 21(11):2203- 2217. doi:10.1093/plankt/21.11.2203

Murray, A.E., Blakis, A., Massana, R., Strawzewski, S., Passow, U., Alldredge, A., DeLong, E.F. (1999) A time series assessment of planktonic archaeal variability in the Santa Barbara Channel. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 20(2):129-145. doi:10.3354/ame020129

Zhou, J., Mopper, K., Passow, U. (1998) The role of surface-active carbohydrates in the formation of transparent exopolymer particles by bubble adsorption of seawater. Limnology and Oceanography, 43(8):1860-1871. doi:10.4319/lo.1998.43.8.1860

Li, X., Passow, U., Logan, B.E. (1998) Fractal dimensions of small (15-200 µm) particles in Eastern Pacific coastal waters. Deep-Sea Research I, 45(1):115-131. doi:10.1016/S0967- 0637(97)00058-7

Alldredge, A.L., Passow, U., Haddock, H.D. (1998) The characteristics and transparent exoploymer (TEP) content of marine snow formed from thecate dinoflagellates. Journal of Plankton Research, 20(3):393-406. doi:10.1093/plankt/20.2.393

Kiørboe, T., Hansen, J.L.S., Alldredge, A.L., Jackson, G.A., Passow, U., Dam, H.G., Drapeau, D.T., Waite, A., Garcia, C.M. (1996) Sedimentation of phytoplankton during a diatom bloom: rates and mechanisms. Journal of Marine Research, 54(6):1123-1148. doi:10.1357/0022240963213754

Wassman, P., Passow, U., Vernet, M. (1995) A new hypothesis on the fate of extracellular carbon released by phytoplankton in arctic shelf areas. In: Floderus, S., Wassmann, P., Heiskanen, A-S. (eds) Sediment trap studies in the Nordic countries 3; Proceedings. CV Passow 15 NurmiPrint

OY, Nurmijärvi Waite ,A.M., Olson, R.J., Dam, H.G., Passow, U. (1995) Sugar-containing compounds on the cell surfaces of marine diatoms measured using concanavalin A and flow cytometry. Journal of Phycology, 31(6):925-933. doi:10.1111/j.0022-3646.1995.00925.x

Riebesell, U., Reigstad, M., Wassmann, P., Noji, T., Passow, U. (1995) On the trophic fate of Phaeocystis pouchetii (Hariot): VI. Significance of Phaeocystis-derived mucus for vertical flux. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 33(2):193-203. doi:10.1016/0077-7579(95)90006- 3

Passow, U., Kozlowski, W., Vernet, M. (1995) Palmer LTER: temporal variability of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) in Arthur Harbor during the 1994-1995 growth season. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 30(5):265-266

Passow, U., Alldredge, A.L. (1995b) Aggregation of a diatom bloom in a mesocosm: The role of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP). Deep-Sea Research II, 42(1):99-109. doi:10.1016/0967-0645(95)00006-C

Passow, U., Alldredge, A.L. (1995a) A dye-binding assay for the spectrophotometric measurement of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP). Limnology and Oceanography, 40(7):1326-1335. doi:10.4319/lo.1995.40.7.1326

Mopper, K., Zhou, J., Ramana, K.S., Passow, U., Dam, H.G., Drapeau, D.T. (1995) The role of surface-active carbohydrates in the flocculation of a diatom bloom in a mesocosm. Deep-Sea Research II, 42(1):47-73. doi:10.1016/0967-0645(95)00004-A

Logan, B.E., Passow, U., Alldredge, A.L., Grossart, H-P., Simont, M. (1995) Rapid formation and sedimentation of large aggregates is predictable from coagulation rates (half-lives) of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP). Deep-Sea Research II, 42(1):203- 214. doi:10.1016/0967-0645(95)00012-F

Crocker, K.M., Passow, U. (1995) Differential aggregation of diatoms. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 117(1):249-257. Alldredge, A.L., Gotschalk, C., Passow, U., Riebesell, U. (1995) Mass aggregation of diatom blooms: Insights from a mesocosm study. Deep-Sea Research II:Topical Studies in Oceanography, 42(1):9-27. doi:10.1016/0967-0645(95)00002-8

Passow, U., Wassmann, P. (1994) On the trophic fate of Phaeocystis pouchetii (Hariot): IV. The formation of marine snow by P. pouchetii. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 104:153- 161. doi:10.3354/meps104153

Passow, U., Alldredge, A.L., Logan, B.E. (1994) The role of particulate carbohydrate exudates in the flocculation of diatom blooms. Deep-Sea Research I, 41(2):335-357. doi:10.1016/0967-0637(94)90007-8

Passow, U., Alldredge, A.L. (1994) Distribution, size, and bacterial colonization of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) in the ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series ,113:185-198

Logan, B.E., Passow, U., Alldredge, A.L. (1994) Variable retention of diatoms on screens during size separations. Limnology and Oceanography, 39(2):390-395. CV Passow 16 doi:10.4319/lo.1994.39.2.0390

Passow, U., Peinert, R., Zeitzschel, B. (1993) Distribution and sedimentation of organic matter during the inter-monsoon period off Oman (West Arabian Sea). Deep-Sea Research II, 40(3): 833-849. doi:10.1016/0967-0645(93)90061-Q

Passow, U., Peinert, R. (1993) The role of plankton in particle flux: Two case studies from the NE-Atlantic. Deep- Sea Research II, 40(1-2):573-585. doi:10.1016/0967-0645(93)90033-J

Alldredge AL, Passow U, Logan BE. 1993. The abundance and significance of a class of large, transparent organic particles in the ocean. Deep-Sea Research I, 40: 1131-40

Passow, U. (1991b) Vertical migration of Gonyaulax catenata and Mesodinium rubrum. Marine Biology, 110(3):455-463

Alldredge, A.L., Passow, U., Logan, B.E. (1993) The abundance and significance of a class of large, transparent organic particles in the ocean. Deep-Sea Research I, 40(6):1131-1140. doi:10.1016/0967-0637(93)90129-Q

Passow, U. (1991a) Species specific sedimentation and sinking velocities of diatoms. Marine Biology, 108(3):449-455. doi:10.4319/lo.1990.35.1.0228

Smetacek, V., Passow, U. (1990) Spring bloom initiation and Sverdrup's critical depth model. Limnology and Oceanography 35(1):228-234

Karuh, M., Leppänen, J-M., Nømmann, S., Passow, U., Postel, L., Schulz, S. (1990) Spatiotemporal mosaic of the phytoplankton spring bloom in the open Baltic Sea in 1986. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 66(3):301-309

Noji, T., Passow, U., Smetacek, V. (1986) Interaction between pelagial and benthal during autumn in Kiel Bight Baltic Sea I. Development and sedimentation of phytoplankton blooms. Ophelia 26(1):333-350. doi:10.1080/00785326.1986.10421998


Quigg A, Passow U, Daly KL, Burd A, Hollander DJ, Schwing PT, Lee K (2020) Marine Oil Snow Sedimentation and Flocculent Accumulation (MOSSFA) events: learning from the past to predict the future. pp: 196-222, In: Murawski SA, Ainsworth C, Gilbert S, Hollander D, Paris CB, Schlüter M, Wetzel D (Eds.) Deep Oil Spills – Facts, Fate and Effects. Springer.